Macedonia versus Greece, the Real Struggle Behind the Name Dispute
By Risto Stefov
I am writing this document to inform the unaware reader and to remind the weary Macedonian reader why it is important for Macedonians to fight, by any means possible, to survive. I hope to inspire others like myself, to spark debates and join me in telling our story. I invite historians and academics to revisit recorded history and re-open the Macedonian question.
Since her inception as a country in the 1820’s, Modern Greece has instituted and to this day is enforcing discriminatory policies towards the Macedonian people. The name dispute is nothing new but part of century old, ongoing Greek interference in Macedonian affairs.
In this document I intend to explore the results of policies instituted by Greek Governments and the harm they have done to the Macedonian people. I intend to show that for the sole benefit of her selfish needs, and to cover up acts of ethnic cleansing and cultural genocide against the Macedonian people, Greece has consistently denied the existence of a Macedonian nationality.
I intend to show that since Greece became a country in the 1820’s, Greek Governments have systematically and deliberately promoted discriminatory actions and policies to suppress the identity of the Macedonian nation. I intend to provide evidence resulting from the implementation of such actions and policies. I also intend to show how, by passing carefully worded laws, Greek Governments have isolated Macedonians and robbed them of their rights and privileges as Greek citizens.
I also intend to show how Greece has highjacked Classical and Hellenistic history to aid in her quest for annexing Macedonian territory and denying Macedonians their heritage.
Finally, I intend to challenge the most popular club and donut shop debated Greek claims of the origin of Modern Macedonians, Modern Greeks and the purity of the Modern Greek nation.
As George Orwell once pointed out, "Who controls the past controls the future; who controls the present controls the past." If you believe George Orwell as I do or the saying that “history is written by the victors”, then continue reading.
I would like to begin this document with a few personal observations of my own that measure, unscientifically, today’s mood and political opinions of ordinary Macedonians and Greeks. As an added bonus, I would like to provide some measure of the general public’s level of awareness and understanding of issues facing Macedonia today.
Over some time, I informally inquired from several ordinary people that identify with Modern Greeks, what they think of Macedonians?
The results are summarized as follows:
I did the same with people that identify with Macedonians. The question this time was what do Macedonians think of the Greeks?
In almost every instance I witnessed signs of frustration, anger and disappointment before a single word was uttered.
Here is a summary of the results;
I believe the initial turning point began before the creation of the Modern Greek nation with the world’s discovery of the old Greek city-states.
During the Renaissance period when scholars of the Christian world turned their attention to science, mathematics and philosophy, Muslim scholars from occupied Spain lead them to the discovery of the ancient Greek world. Scholars, fascinated by the discovery, began to translate ancient works and published books that popularized the exploits of the Ancient Greeks making them famous worldwide.
The next turning point took place in the early 1820’s when Greece rebelled, unsuccessfully, against five hundred years of Ottoman rule but her fame in the world turned the tide in her favour.
The rebellion prompted a harsh response from Turkey against the Greek people and gained the attention of the world. Cries of sympathy and protests prompted the superpowers France, Britain and Russia to dispatch their navies and liberate Greece. At that time Greece was a small country at the foot of the Balkans, its population was a mix of indigenous Greeks, Albanians, Vlahs, Slavs, Turks and other minorities.
The unexpected liberation caught the small country by surprise and threw her population into chaos, struggling to assert their individual identities. With help from her allies she recovered and began to rebuild. During this crucial period of soul searching, Greece forged new ideas that would later have negative consequences for Macedonia.
With allied help, the Greek people formed a new government, crowned a king, revised history, created a literary language, instituted education, created a military and began to plan territorial expansions, all in a span of a few decades. The Ottoman Empire was weakening and there would be plenty of opportunities for acquiring new territories in the future. While the military was planning campaigns, scholars were busy forging a new identity for the Greek people. The new nation would be called Hellas and its people Helene. A well-chosen name and identity that would serve Greece well in the future.
Forward thinking politicians, revisionists and policy makers made sure nothing was left to chance. They literally designed the new nation to take advantage of the past and to exploit the future. These were also the people who decided Macedonia’s fate for the future.
By the turn of the century Greece had tripled in size by conquering and annexing all of the territory she occupies today, except for Macedonia. Athens had taken an active role in archeological affairs and instituted censorship. All information and artifacts were regulated to ensure the past was in agreement with the present.
The next turning point takes us to the last thirty years before the 1912-1913 Balkan wars. It was during this period that Greece took extraordinary measures to conceal the identity and character of the Macedonian nation.
Greece, due to her ownership of Christian interests inside Macedonia, was granted unrestricted access in and out of Ottoman territory, provided it was for religious purposes only. Since the abolition of the Macedonian Church in 1767 by Sultan Mustafa III of the Ottomans, having no other choice, Macedonians turned to the Greek Church for prayer. Up until the middle of the 19th century the Greek Church had exclusive rights over Christianity inside the Ottoman Empire.
At that time the Ottoman administration was not yet reformed and functioned very poorly at best. There was no statistical information available regarding the composition of nationalities in the region. When the Ottomans took a census they were only interested in numbers relating to religious affiliation mainly consisting of Muslims and Christians, not nationalities. The lack of proper statistics was opportune for the Greek census takers who quickly took advantage of the situation and cleverly substituted “Greek” for “Christian” in the old Ottoman census.
Substituting “nationality” for “religion” went unchallenged until the Bulgarian Church became involved in Macedonia. Near the end of the 19th century Bulgaria was granted consecration rights and started its own church. The Ottomans sensed the growing power and influence of the Greek Church in the region and decided it was time to give them some competition. By this time Bulgaria had also staked her claim on Macedonian territory and was headed on a collision course with Greece. Bulgaria also understood the importance of concealing the Macedonian nationality and she too adapted the method of substituting “Bulgarian” for “Christian”.
Even after the unsuccessful Macedonian (Ilinden) rebellion in 1903 against the Turks, Greece and Bulgaria made no mention of Macedonians.
Both countries were claiming the same population virtually doubling the numbers overnight. To avoid undo attention and to show proof of claim, both parties initiated campaigns to attract new or convert old parishioners. Macedonians now had a choice of Church, the old conservative Greek Patriarch Church or the new Bulgarian Exarchist Church. Not to be outdone by Greece and Bulgaria, Serbia, (a little later) also joined in and started operating her own churches in Macedonia. As competition intensified the churches offered free education for children and other perks. As competition further intensified, church agents turned to violence, intimidation and murder to keep up their numbers. Hooligans and mercenaries were hired to intimidate, beat and murder people. Priests who left one church for another, paid with their lives. If you wish to know more about the atrocities committed by Greek authorities during this period read about Karavageli’s exploits in Macedonia (Arheio Makedonikou Agona, Pinelopis Delta, Apomnimoneymata, Germanou Karavaggeli, Georgiou Dikonymou Makri, Panagioti Papatzanetea).
The next turning point takes us to the Balkan conflict of 1912-1913 and Macedonia’s partition.
Before 1912 her three suitors had one objective in mind, to divide and conquer. In spite of their bickering over the same territory they managed to agree on how to divide it. Then in 1912 (first Balkan War) plans were put into action and they successfully expelled the Ottomans from all of Macedonia’s territory. When it came to dividing it however, greed got in the way and war (the 1913 second Balkan War) broke out between them. Greece allied itself with Serbia and fought against Bulgaria. Things really went out of control when other Balkan Countries became involved, hoping to recover long lost territories. It took super power intervention to stop the conflict but it didn’t help Macedonia. In August 1913, by the Treaty of Bucharest, Macedonia’s partition was sanctioned. Things worsened for Macedonia at the conclusion of World War I on June 28th, 1919 the superpowers at the Paris Peace Conference ratified the 1913 Treaty of Bucharest and with minor territorial adjustments, left Macedonia partitioned to this day. Macedonia was divided for the first time since the Roman wars. New borders were drawn and secured, leaving villages, families, and friends permanently separated.
As soon as Greece consolidated her control over her share of Macedonia she initiated ethnic cleansing. Macedonians affiliated with the Exarchist Church were expatriated. Serbia exerted no influence in this region, so there were no Serbians to expatriate. After the purges, the population was forced to take an oath of allegiance to the Greek Nation and denounce all others including their own. Those who refused were expatriated.
More population was expatriated after the war with Turkey (1920’s). Besides purging, Greece also exchanged Muslims for Christians in the population exchanges with Turkey. Most of the newcomers were sent to Macedonia and by way of land re-distribution and reforms, were given the lands and homes belonging to the evicted Macedonians. No Macedonian was ever awarded damages for confiscation of property or loss of possessions. Even Macedonians that fought side by side with the Greeks in Turkey were discriminated against and their services were not recognized. The families of Macedonian soldiers who died in combat received no recognition or compensation for their losses.
At the conclusion of the war with Turkey (1920’s), Greece initiated new assimilation policies in Macedonia to forcibly Helenize the Macedonian nation. The policies required that every name be changed to have a “Greek sounding” character. Those with Slav names were required to choose or were given new names. All traces of Cyrillic writing found in public buildings, churches, gravestones, etc. were erased. Macedonian toponyms were also changed. Every village, mountain, lake, stream, river and road was given a Greek name. Law prohibited speaking the Macedonian language. A heavy dose of castor oil was punishment for a child caught speaking Macedonian. A hefty fine was punishment for an adult. Those who needed to communicate to do their jobs were in real trouble. For some it was safer not to speak than to risk being fined. Even animals (dogs, oxen, horses, donkeys, etc.) had to be re-educated to obey commands in Greek. Old people who could not afford the fines were sent to court and had to pay by court order, even if they had to sell their meager assets (donkey).
The next turning point was the Greek civil war. In spite of all attempts by Greece to ethically cleanse, forcibly assimilate, Helenize, and suppress the Macedonian nation, its Macedonian identity remained alive. During the occupation (World War II), free from Greek oppression, Macedonians began to publicly re-assert their identities. They began to talk, sing and publicly perform plays in Macedonian. Some learned to read and write for the first time using the Cyrillic alphabet. The Greek Communist Party having influence in the region took advantage of this. They promised the Macedonian people equal rights and recognition of the Macedonian nationality under the Greek nation. This created a division between those who wanted an independent Macedonia and those who wanted partnership with Greece. Greek military forces pushed out, the Partisans who wanted an independent Macedonia, across the Yugoslav border where they joined the Macedonian brigades there. The rest fought side by side with the Greeks. After the expulsion of Germany and Italy they again fought side by side with the Communist Greeks in the Greek civil war, and lost. No equal rights or recognition of the Macedonian nationality ever materialized. In contrast, the Macedonian contribution for liberating Yugoslavia from the Fascists was rewarded with the creation of the People’s Republic of Macedonia. The Macedonian people earned their place in the world by shedding blood. But Greece is still refusing to recognize them, insisting on calling them Skopians (in the Republic of Macedonia).
For their bloodshed in liberating Greece from the Fascists, the Macedonian people were rewarded with more ethnic cleansing. During the Greek civil war tens of thousands of refugee children ages four to fourteen were rounded up and evacuated to Eastern Block countries (spring of 1948). Later they were not allowed to return. Greece prepared carefully worded laws to include Greek (by origin) and exclude Macedonian children from returning. Then in the fall of 1949 the general population from Macedonia, mainly for the Lerin and Kostour regions, was evacuated as war refugees. Most of those who left the country were not allowed to come back, not even to visit family, attend funerals or light a candle at the graves of their loved ones. Between 1945 and 1949 the Macedonian demographic was so drastically altered that Macedonians became a minority in their native land.
Since the conclusion of the Greek Civil war to this day, many Macedonians have immigrated to countries like Canada, Australia and the USA in search of a better life. Their political standing in Greek society, at home and abroad has hardly changed since Macedonia was occupied in 1912. At home, Macedonians still face discrimination and abuse at the hands of Greek Governments.
If you “feel Macedonian” and attempt to assert your identity, you will encounter discrimination. You may lose your job. Your children may not be good enough to attend higher education. You will not be made an officer in the Greek military.
So far I have presented evidence of acts perpetrated by successive Greek Governments including ethnic cleansing, forced assimilation and systemic discrimination against the Macedonian people. I have also given examples of how Greek Governments time and time again denied the existence of a Macedonian nationality. I will now attempt to explain how successive Greek Governments committed cultural genocide by manipulating history to deny Macedonians their heritage.
Earlier in this document I mentioned that after her inception, Greece experienced an identity crisis. Her premature liberation from Turkey and lack of unity in her ethnically diverse population threw her into soul-searching chaos. The problem of ethnicity was not solved by recognizing the existing ethnic diversity of the population and by allowing numbers to determine majorities and minorities. Instead, the Greek nation builders decided to build a new nation, one that would take advantage of the past and lay the foundation for the future.
The Greek people were told they were the Helene, descendents from the ancient Helene world and rightful heirs to Helene history. At the same time they were told that Greece had many enemies who would try to take their inheritance away from them. Along with pride and fear, xenophobia was instilled into the Greek consciousness. This perhaps explains why Modern Greeks have a mindset and strong feelings not only towards Macedonians but towards Bulgarians and Turks as well.
Scholar revisionists instrumental in writing the modern version of Greek history made sure it had a hint of Arian in it. To further strengthen her claims of the past, Greece resurrected an old Attican (Athenian) language and used it to create her modern literary language. The language was very difficult to learn and was used mostly by scholars, church and legal institutions. Surprisingly it survived for over a century before it was abandoned in favour of the simpler language people use today.
Her popularity in the world awarded Greece her liberation as well as shaped her national identity. Her claim to the past was about to shape her future. Before annexing new territories she made sure history would back her claims. With intense propaganda she prepared her people and with vigour she pursued her exploits. After annexing most of the northern territories unabated, she was ready for Macedonia. Unlike before however, her claims to Macedonia did not go unnoticed. As I pointed out earlier, competition for Macedonia grew with intensity that eventually boiled over into full-scale war (wars of 1912 and 1913). To protect her interests, first, from the Macedonian people and second, from her competitors (Bulgaria and Serbia), Greece came up with ingenious defensive methods. To protect her past, she vigorously fought to censor publications of new archeological discoveries and offered her own expert opinions on ancient matters. To protect her future, she frequently published demographic statistics to debunk counter claims to her own claims, always being careful to avoid use of the “M” word for Macedonians. Meanwhile at home, the propaganda machine made sure her population was in line with her policies. Publications without censorship were vigorously protested. Eventually, as many authors and researchers of ancient studies would attest to, the “M” word became a dirty word. It was banned from her vocabulary. The Macedonian territory annexed by Greece was re-named “Northern Greece”.
Today Greek newspapers (Amfiktyon, Syllogiko Enotiko Organo Symvolis sti diasosy tou Ellinismou, November/December 2001) in their zeal to prove there are no more Macedonians left in Greece, unwittingly have betrayed past acts committed by their Governments against the Macedonian people.
Archeological discoveries did not escape the Greek censor either. Anything disagreeable quickly disappeared. After more than 1300 years of Slav presence in the region, not a single bit of Slav evidence was reported to be found. There wasn’t any because Greece made sure it disappeared the moment it was discovered. Look at the extreme measures they took during the 1920s and 1930’s to erase all evidence of Macedonian existence. They changed people’s names, toponyms, and banned the Macedonian language altogether.
What happened to the relics found beneath the shorelines of Lake Prespa (Prespa Island was King Samuil’s fortress)? What happened to the buried treasures and artifacts found from pre 1767 Macedonian churches? They all disappeared. The reason the Ottomans banned the Macedonian Church was because it was a symbol of strength and influence in the old Christian world. The Greek Church instigated the ban by spying and reporting Macedonian activities to the Ottoman Authorities. More recently many old Macedonian churches were razed to the ground and new (Greek) churches were built to cover the ruins. Including the old Church of St. Pantelimon in Lerin.
What happened to the old Slav gravestones in the village cemeteries? It is estimated that tens of thousands of relics have disappeared in the last century to conceal all evidence that may give credence to a Macedonian presence.
Look at the works of ancient studies and compare the interpretations of Greek versus non-Greek versions. Why is there such a vast difference? Why is Greece striving so hard to tip the scale in her favour when it comes to ancient history?
Why do history books refer to the “ Hellenistic civilization” and not the “Macedonian civilization”? What difference does it make anyway? It does to Greece so that she can maintain a firm grip on Macedonia. Was it not the Macedonian Empire that made the conquests and bridged east and west (dispersion)? Was it not the Macedonian Empire that commissioned the building of many cities like Alexandria of Egypt? Was it not the Macedonian Empire that spread knowledge and civilization to the world? Wasn’t it Alexandria and not Athens that became the intellectual capital of the ancient World?
Doesn’t Macedonia deserve a bit more mention in the history books or a bit more credit for her past deeds?
So far I have provided arguments to show the extreme measures (cultural genocide) that Greece has taken to safeguard her claims on Macedonia. From misleading her people about their origin, to highjacking ancient history, to concealing artifacts and publishing misleading statistics on nationalities.
Greece and perhaps others thrive and prosper today at the expense of Macedonia and her people. For over a century now Greece, for fame and fortune, has denied the existence of the Macedonian nation, robbing Macedonians of their future.
I would like to now conclude by offering alternatives to some of the most popular beliefs about the origins of Greeks and Macedonians and about the purity of the Greek people.
Who are the Greeks?
The Greek claim is that they are descendents of an ancient tribe of Helene people that came from the heartland of Europe, traveled through the Balkans and settled by the southern shores of Modern Greece. By observing behavioral patterns, it is more plausible to assume that the ancient inhabitants of the southern Balkan shoreline came from the south, most likely from the Nile River delta regions. Over population, drought or pressures from invasions may have forced them to migrate. Naturally being sea-faring people they settled on the shoreline where for many years they lived off the sea and thrived. They loved the sea and as their populations grew they colonized the Mediterranean coastline.
It is very difficult for farmers and woodland dwellers, to abandon their way of life, travel long distances and pick up new ways of life so successfully.
Why Greeks and Helene, why two names?
I have already said something about the name “Helene” earlier. “Greeks” on the other hand are what the outside world calls the “Helene”. The name “Greko” comes from the Romans and has stayed with the Greeks to this day. I am not sure what the word means but an explanation can be found.
Are the Modern Helene a pure race that directly descended from the Ancient Helene?
The answer to the first part of the question is no, they are not a pure race regardless of what they say. The region has been overrun by invaders and conquerors for more than two millenium starting with the Macedonians (over 200 years), the Romans (over 400 years) the Byzantine (1100 years) to the Ottomans (500 years). Whether they are descendents from the Ancient Helene or not, is not known, some may be descendents. DNA testing can however, answer these questions.
Are the Ancient Greek and Ancient Macedonian people related?
The Ancient Greeks did not think so. DNA testing can verify this. There is ample evidence to prove linguistically and culturally that the Ancient Greeks and Ancient Macedonians were different people.
It has been documented in history books (from ancient sources) that the Macedonian elite, in addition to speaking the common language (koine) also spoke another, a uniquely Macedonian language. There are several documented examples of this the most famous being Alexander giving orders to his soldiers.
Modern Greece has gone to great lengths to conceal all evidence that points to the unique character of the Ancient Macedonians. The world’s admiration of Alexander the Great and his exploits however, let some of the evidence escape.
What is it with Greece, Bulgaria and the Slavs?
Before Bulgaria’s independence and her involvement in Balkans affairs, Greece prevented the Macedonian nation from asserting its identity by suppression and concealment. As I mentioned earlier they substituted “Greek” for “Christian” in their nationality statistics. The Greek argument was “if a man is Christian and goes to Greek Church then he is Greek.” This kept other nations from interfering with Greek affairs and prevented them from providing aid to Macedonia.
The Bulgarians didn’t accept that because they shared linguistic kinship with the Macedonians and they knew the Macedonians had Slav origins like themselves.
To stop the Bulgarians from making claims to the Ancient Macedonians, Greece took actions to prove that there was no connection between the Ancient Macedonians and the modern Slavs even though they both occupied the same territory. Bulgarian scholars have made claims to the Ancient Macedonians but without much success.
Is there a connection between Slavs and Modern Macedonians?
Both Greece and Bulgaria are in agreement that there are no modern Macedonians, only Bulgarians. As mentioned earlier, Greece has made sure to expatriate the right number of Slavs (Macedonians) after annexing Macedonian territory to account for published statistics of Slavs (Bulgarians) in her territory. In other words, Greece has ethnically cleansed the right number of Slavs to be ethnically pure.
According to media coverage of current events in the Republic of Macedonia the world still thinks Macedonians are Slavs. Take a look at recent newspaper publications and see for yourself.
What is the connection between Ancient Macedonians and Slavs?
As I mentioned earlier, to debunk Bulgarian claims that “Slavs living in Macedonia are really Bulgarians because they are Slavs”, Greece set out to convince the world that Slavs are newcomers and cannot lay claim to anything Macedonian. To do this they had to prove several points. First, that indeed the Slavs were newcomers, second, that there was absolutely no relationship between the Slavs and the Ancient Macedonians and third, that the Ancient Greeks and Macedonians were the same people (they are not, see above).
The debate that the “Slavs are NOT descendents of Ancient Macedonians” is NOT over yet.
What is the origin of the Slavs?
There are very few objective unbiased students of the Slavs so first let’s take a look at what the Greeks have to say. The Greeks claim the Slavs originated from the regions near Modern Russia and the Ukraine and migrated southward reaching the Balkans around the sixth and seventh centuries AD. They claim that before settling the land the Slavs killed off the local inhabitants (I assume they mean the Ancient Macedonians) then colonized the vacant terrain. The Greeks also claim that the Slavs brought with them a unique language and culture.
Most students of the Slavs are in basic agreement with the Greek assessment. More recently however, with the rise of the Republic of Macedonia, scholars and researchers have uncovered new evidence to challenge old claims. The first discoveries came from archeological digs where more than one hundred and fifty monuments have been found with linguistic evidence showing similarities between modern Slav languages and Ancient Macedonian languages. Also there are Macedonian students of Homer that have studied Homer’s books including the Iliad, and have found similarities between the language of the Iliad and the Modern Macedonian language.
The new discoveries provide enough evidence to question old claims. First they suggest that the Slav language was used in the Balkans before the arrival of the Slavs. Second, the Slav language was used in Macedonia even before Alexander’s time. Third, this may be the elusive language used by Alexander to communicate with his soldiers as history has recorded. Fourth, it suggests that the Slavs originated in Macedonia and may be descendents of the Ancient Macedonians. This point can be verified by DNA testing.
Now lets put all the evidence together. We are in agreement that Slavs migrated (more recently) in a southerly direction. Modern Slavs occupied territories (at various population densities) from the southern tip of Greece in the Balkans to the depths of Modern Russia. The people of Modern Slav countries spoke dialects of the original Slav language before modernizing their languages.
If indeed the Slavs originated in Macedonia, how did they get as far north as Russia and why?
To answer this question we first must acknowledge some agreed upon historical facts;
As history has recorded, some fled to Egypt to join their kin under Ptolemay’s rule. It is also possible that some ventured northward and settled in garrison towns among Macedonian colonies. Later, during the Roman invasions, some may have migrated north beyond the influence of the Roman Empire. There, in isolation they worked the lands and grew in numbers undisturbed for centuries until the Mongol invasions. While the rise of the Roman Empire put an end to Macedonian rule in the Balkans and the Middle East, it left fringes of the Macedonian Empire untouched in other parts of the world (like the Hunzakuts in Hunza, Pakistan).
The Slav invasions of the Balkans caused no great panic with the indigenous population in the Balkans. This may suggest cultural and linguistic similarities between the peoples. The Slav invasion was taking place during the height of the Byzantine Empire and did not prompt a strong and decisive response from the Byzantine authorities. This may suggest that the Slavs were not conquerors as the Greeks suggested, but refugees. This may explain why the indigenous Macedonian population was willing to help them assimilate in Macedonian society.
There is evidence to strengthen this claim. Macedonian clergy such as Kiril and Methody and later Naum and Clement during the ninth century AD, through the Christian Church, sought to “civilize” the Slavs. They modified and simplified the existing Macedonian (glagolic or verbal) language and created an easy to learn phonetic alphabet to go with it, today known as the Cyrillic alphabet.
The Bulgarians, who also have claims on Macedonia, agree to a large extent with Greek accounts regarding Slav history. If indeed Slavs originated in Macedonia as I have suggested, then all Bulgarian claims on Macedonia can be debunked. Furthermore this may also suggest that the Slav population in Bulgaria descended from Macedonia. This is a good enough reason for Bulgarians to keep quiet.
Before I leave you, I would like to point out that Greek policies towards Macedonians do not stop at the Greek borders. Many Macedonians left Greece to escape the torment but didn’t. The venomous Greek propaganda that has spewed for two centuries is not confined only to her borders. Greek consulates and embassies work hard promoting Greek propaganda by giving away thousands of free books, newspapers and magazines and support many lobby groups to influence organizations and Governments world wide. Their influence is not limited to propaganda alone. The consulates and embassies are also hard at work keeping tabs on the activities of organizations and people, ever their own people. Greek authorities quickly react to perceived threats by any means possible, even with violence if necessary. Committing acts of protest from objecting to new book publications to imposing embargoes on new countries. Many Macedonians who came from Greece and are now living in Toronto are afraid of participating in Macedonian events. They will not attend Macedonian festivals, parades, picnics, dances or even attend Mass at Macedonian Churches for fear of being reported to the Greek authorities.
I hope I have provided you with enough convincing evidence to first, help you understand the plight of the Macedonian nation and why Macedonians must fight to survive. Second, to show you that giving up the fight with Greece is like committing suicide because Greece will protect her interests at any cost, even our extinction.
I hope I have inspired you to pick up the torch and carry it for Macedonia’s sake.
Contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org, if you want a copy of this document, praise, complain, criticize, or provide me with new evidence on the subjects discussed.